Select Country

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Albania (AL)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Albanian
3 Term 20 years
4 Represented by An Attorney. A simply signed POA.
5 Special Requirements Duly signed POA
6 maintenance Fees on the first and each subsequent anniversary of the effective date of filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fee, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Patent Publication (within 18 months)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office General Directorate of Patents and Trademarks
10 Official website www.alpto.gov.al

Source:

Algeria (DZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term 20 years
4 Represented by An Attorney. A simply signed POA. Legalization, not required
5 Special Requirements
  • Name and address of the Inventor and applicant
  • Deed of Assignment where the applicant is not the inventor
  • copy of international publication, International search report
  • Two copies of the specification and claims in Arabic translation should be furnished.
6 Maintenance Fees on the first and each subsequent anniversary of the effective date of filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fee, priority claim fees, maintenance fee, publication fee
  • Formal Examination
  • Patent Publication
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Algerian National Institute of Industrial Property (INAPI) Ministry of Industry, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises and Investment Promotion
10 Official website www.ompa.ad

Angola (AO)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Portuguese
3 Term 15 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney signed by the applicant and legalized by the Angolan Consulate or else a Portuguese Consulate to be confirmed by the Portuguese Foreign Office and the Angolan Consulate in Lisbon
5 Special Requirements
  • Details of applicant - Name, nationality, occupation and address
  • Specification, claims and abstract (in Portuguese)
  • Name and country of residence of the inventor if the applicant is not the inventor
  • The country where the basic patent application was filed, date and number of that filing in case priority is claimed
  • Portuguese certified translation of priority certificate is required, legalized by an Angolan Consulate or else a Portuguese Consulate to be confirmed by the Portuguese Foreign Office and the Angolan Consulate in Lisbon
  • Drawings
6 Maintenance Fees Annually on the anniversary of the international filing date
7

Process:

  • Filing along with Copy of the international publication, international search report and preliminary report on patentability
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Grant
8 Working of patents owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Angolan Institute of Industrial Property Ministry of Geology, Mines and Industry
10 Official website www.iapi.gv.ao

Antigua and Barbuda (AG)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term 20 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney signed by the applicant and legalized by the Angolan Consulate or else a Portuguese Consulate to be confirmed by the Portuguese Foreign Office and the Angolan Consulate in Lisbon
5 Special Requirements
  • A notarized power of attorney.
  • A declaration duly notarized.
  • Three copies of the patent specification.
  • Two sets of the formal drawings
6 Maintenance Fees Annually from the date of filing
7

Process:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fee, certified copy of priority document
  • Examination. To submit a copy of examination/ grant/ refusal from any of the other PCT countries
  • Grant
  • Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Antigua and Barbuda Intellectual Property & Commerce Office (ABIPCO) Ministry of Legal Affairs
10 Official website www.antigua.gov.ag

Armenia (AU)

1 PCT time line 31 months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing Eurasian patent Application
2 Language Armenian
3 Term 20 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Details of applicant - Name, nationality, occupation and address
  • Translation of the International Application
6 Maintenance Fees From second year of filing. To be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing requirements and Process for grant:
  • Filing along with three sets of translated document of the International Application
  • Formal Examination within 2 months of filing
  • Publication and the Preliminary patent is granted till 10 years
  • Substantive examination has to be requested within 9 years from the filing date of the PCT application and is based on the results of substantive examination carried out by the patent office of another country, confirming the patentability of the invention.
  • Grant and publication- publication fees to be paid
8 Working of patents Owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Agency of the Republic of Armenia
10 Official website www.aipa.am

Australia (AU)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term 20 years
4 Represented by Any person registered to practice as a patent attorney before the Office
5 Special Requirements
  • Applicant details
  • International Application/publication details of the International Application is required
  • POA not required
  • Notice of entitlement concerning the inventor and the right of the nominated person to an Australian patent
6 Maintenance Fees maintenance fees are due annually beginning with the fourth anniversary of the effective filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with filing fees
  • Examination - Request for examination should be filed within 5 years from the date of filing
  • Acceptance, publication and sealing
8 Working of patents owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Australian Patent Office
10 Official website www.ipaustralia.gov.au

Austria (AT)

1 PCT time line 30 months- may be extended upto two months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing European patent application
2 Language German
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Request for grant
  • Patent Specification
  • duly signed POA
6 Maintenance Fees Annuities have to be paid only for the time after the publication of the grant of the patent, and start with the sixth year
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with translated document of the International Application
  • Publication - 18th month from the priority date
  • Formal and Substantive Examination- Automatic
  • Grant and publication- publication fees to be paid
8 Working of patents The owner must commercialize the patent failing it may be compulsory licensed. The period that must have expired when applying for a compulsory license is three years after the publication of the granted patent or four years after a patent was applied for, whichever period expired first.
9 Patent office The Austrian Patent Office
10 Official website www.patentamt.at

Azerbaijan (AZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing Eurasian patent application
2 Language Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney duly signed and sealed by the applicant. IF the company seal is not available, notarization is required
5 Special Requirements
  • Request for grant
  • Patent Specification
  • duly signed POA
6 Maintenance Fees annuities have to be paid from the beginning of the third year from the date of first priority
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with filing fees, two sets of claims translated to Russian
  • Formal examination and Publication
  • Substantive Examination- within 12 months of filing date (optional)
  • Grant and publication- registration and publication fees to be paid
8 Working of patents owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant or 4 years from the date of publication, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Committee on Standardization, Metrology and Patents (Azerbaijan)
10 Official website www.azstand.gov.az

Bahrain (BH)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English; Arabic
3 Represented by -Attorney registered in Bahrain. A signed Power of Attorney, notarized and legalized up to Bahrain or any other Arab Consulate, (original required by mail)
4 Special Requirements
  • Filing along with filing fees, two sets of claims translated to Russian
  • Formal examination and Publication
  • Substantive Examination- within 12 months of filing date (optional)
  • Grant and publication- registration and publication fees to be paid
5 Maintenance Fees Upon grant for every anniversary from the first priority date
6

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fee
  • Examination
  • Grant
  • Publication
  • Opposition
7 Working of patents owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant or 4 years from the date of publication, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
8 Patent office National Patent Office (Bahrain)
9 Official website www.moic.gov.bh

Barbados (BB)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Power of Attorney signed by the applicant and Notarized
5 Special Requirements
  • Specification, claims and abstract of the invention.
  • If the applicant is not the inventor, a statement of ownership will be required.
  • Duly notarized power of attorney
6 Maintenance Fees After grant for every anniversary from the first priority date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with filing fees and grant fees
  • Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (Barbados)
10 Official website www.caipo.gov.bb

Belarus (BY)

1 PCT time line 31 months- may be extended upto two months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing Eurasian patent application
2 Language Russian or Belarussian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Request for grant
  • Patent Specification- translated
  • duly signed POA
6 Maintenance Fees After grant for every anniversary from the third year of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the fees, translated document of the International Application
  • Substantive Examination-Request to be filed within 3 years from filing international application
  • Grant and publication- grant, publication fees and annuity fees to be paid
8 Working of patents The owner must commercialize the patent failing it may be compulsory licensed. The period that must have expired when applying for a compulsory license is three years after the publication of the granted patent or four years after a patent was applied for, whichever period expired first.
9 Patent office National Centre for Intellectual Property
10 Official website www.belgospatent.org

Belize (BZ)

1 PCT time line 30 months- may be extended upon written request from the Applicant.
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Deed of Assignment if the Inventor and the Applicant are not same
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary in advance from the first year of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, publication, address for service and grant fees
  • Examination
  • Grant
  • Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Belize Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website www.belipo.bz

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)

1 PCT time line 34 months. OR IF EPO –national phase entry has been elected, the Application for validation of the European Patent is to be filed within 3 months as from the date of publication of grant of the European Patent
2 Language Bosnian, Serbian or Croatian
3 Term Of patents 20 years from international filing date
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Deed of Assignment if the Inventor and the Applicant are not same. No legalization or notary required
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notary required
  • Translation of specification, claims and abstract
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary in advance from the first year of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees and publication fees
  • Publication
  • Six months after the publication one of the following requests should be filed:
    • substantive examination of the Patent Application;
    • examination of Patent Application based on the Patent granted for the same invention by the institution bearing the status of International Search Authority or
    • examination of Patent Application based on the Patent granted for the same invention by the institution bearing the status of International Search Authority or
    • grant of the Patent without substantive examination.
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Institute for Intellectual Property of Bosnia and Herzegovina
10 Official website www.ipr.gov.ba

Botswana (BW)

1 PCT time line 31 months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing regional application at ARIPO
2 Language Bosnian, Serbian or Croatian
3 Term Of patents 20 years from international filing date
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • Deed of Assignment if the Inventor and the Applicant are not same. No legalization or notary required
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notary required
  • Translation of specification, claims and abstract
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary in advance from the first year of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees and publication fees
  • Publication
  • Six months after the publication one of the following requests should be filed:
    • substantive examination of the Patent Application;
    • examination of Patent Application based on the Patent granted for the same invention by the institution bearing the status of International Search Authority or
    • grant of the Patent without substantive examination.
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registrar of Companies, Trademarks, Patents and Industrial Designs (Botswana)
10 Official website www.mit.gov.bw

Brazil (BR)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Portuguese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of specification, claims and abstract
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary from the beginning of the third year from the priority date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees and annual fees
  • Publication- after 18 months from filing date
  • Examination- request should be made within 36 months from the filing date
  • Grant - fees to be paid within 60 days of the order
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Institute of Industrial Property (Brazil)
10 Official website www.inpi.gov.br

Brunei Darussalam (BN)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary from the fifth year of the priority date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination- request should be made within 36 months from the filing date
  • Substantive Examination - request should be made within 42months from the international date
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Brunei Intellectual Property Office (BRUIPO)
10 Official website www.bruipo.com.bn

Bulgaria (BG)

1 PCT time line 31 months. Patent protection may also be obtained by filing Regional Patent Application at EPO
2 Language Bulgarian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of description, drawings, claims, abstract
6 Maintenance Fees After a patent has been granted, a fee must be paid for each year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated document
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication - 18 months
  • Substantive Examination - request should be made within 3 months from the filing date
  • Grant and publication - fees must be paid within 3 months from the date of invitation to pay.
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever expires later, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria
10 Official website www.bpo.bg

Canada (CA)

1 PCT time line 30 months. May be extended upto 42 months from the priority date by filing prescribed fee at the time of national phase entry
2 Language English or French
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA- simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Deed of Assignment/ letter of declaration, the Applicant and the inventor are different
  • declaration of Small entity, if required the status of small entity
6 Maintenance Fees Due on or before each anniversary of the international filing date, starting with the second anniversary.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, annuity fee for 2nd and 3rd year, examination fee
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication - 18 months from the international date
  • Substantive Examination- request should be made within five years from the international date
  • Allowance Grant – Grant fees must be paid within 6 months from the date of notice of allowance
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Canadian Intellectual Property office
10 Official website www.cipo.ac.gc.ca

Chile (CL)

1 PCT time line 30 months.
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant within 60 days from the date of entry
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Statement declaring Applicant’s right to invention
  • Statement declaring Applicant’s priority date
  • Translation of description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
6 Maintenance Fees Maintenance fee covering the first decade is due upon acceptance of the application. The maintenance fee covering the second decade is due before the expiration of the first decade
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, annuity fee for 2nd and 3rd year, examination fee
  • Formal Examination and acceptance
  • Publication- fees to be paid within 60 days of acceptance
  • Substantive Examination - request should be made within 60days from the deadline of opposition period (opposition period is 45 days from the date of publication)
  • Final Acceptance and Grant- Grant fees to be paid within 60 days from the date of notice of final acceptance
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention is engaged in any sort of the anti competitive activities as decided by the court, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing
9 Patent office National Institute of Industrial Property (Chile)
10 Official website www.inapi.cl

China (CN)

1 PCT time line 30 months. May be extended by another two months by filed prescribed fee at the time of national phase entry
2 Language Chinese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
6 Maintenance Fees The first annual fee must be paid within two months from the receipt of the notice from the Office of the grant of the patent. All subsequent annual fees must be paid in advance within the month before the anniversary of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, annuity fee, publication fees
  • Formal Examination and acceptance
  • Publication- fees to be paid within 60 days of acceptance
  • Substantive Examination - request should be made three years from the priority date
  • Final Acceptance and Grant- Grant fees to be paid within 60 days from the date of notice of final acceptance
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China
10 Official website www.sipo.gov.cn

Colombia (CO)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fee should be paid after grant and in advance
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents,
  • Formal Examination and Publication- 18 months
  • Request for Substantive examination to be filed within six months from publication
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (in Spanish)
10 Official website www.sic.gov.co

Costa Rica (CR)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
  • Letter of Assignment, if the Applicant and inventor are different
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fee should be paid after grant and in advance
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication in 3 forms- official gazette, La Gazata and Local newspaper
  • Examination. Response to be filed within one month of examination date
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registry of Intellectual Property
10 Official website www.mjp.go.cr

Croatia (HR)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Croatian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees shall be paid to the Office from the third anniversary of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication after 18 months
  • Examination- request to be filed within 6 months from the date of publication. (two forms of request- substantive for 20 years term patent; consensual patent for 10 years term
  • Grant after payment of the procedural charges
8 Working of patents The patent owner's exclusive right of exploitation of the invention shall not apply to: 2. acts done for the purposes of research and development and for experiments relating to the subject-matter of the protected invention, including where such acts are necessary for obtaining registration or authorization for putting on the market a product comprising a medicine intended for people or animals, or a medicinal product,
9 Patent office State Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website www.dziv.hr

Cuba (CU)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
  • Letter of Assignment, if the Applicant and inventor are different
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable from the international filing date and must be paid within 31 months from the priority date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA
  • Formal Examination –within 3 months of filing
  • Publication within 18 months
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Cuban industrial Property office
10 Official website www.ocpi.cu

Czech Republic (CZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Czech
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
  • Letter of Assignment, if the Applicant and inventor are different
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable after grant for each year from the 1st year of international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Publication after 18 months
  • Substantive Examination - Request to be filed within 3 years from international filing date
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial Property office
10 Official website www.upv.cz

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (KP)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Korean
3 Term Of patents 15 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
  • Translation of the request, description, claims, abstract, matter of any drawings
  • Letter of Assignment, if the Applicant and inventor are different
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable after grant for each year from the 1st year of international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA, International Search Report, Publication
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents Public interest without specific time limit
9 Patent office Invention Office of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
10 Official website Not Available

Denmark (DK)

1 PCT time line 30 months. 20 months from priority date for Danish territory of Faroe Islands
2 Language Danish or English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - simply signed. No legalization or notarization is required
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for each from the International date of filing. The first 3 years fees should be paid within 2 months of entering national phase
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, translated documents, POA
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination- fees to be paid at the time of entering national phase
  • Grant - fees to be paid within two months of notice of allowance
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Danish Patent and Trademark Office
10 Official website www.dkpto.org

Dominica (DM)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and notarized
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - Notarized
  • Letter of Assignment
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for each from the International date of filing.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, POA
  • Examination
  • Grant
  • Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website Not Available

Source:

Dominican Republic (DO)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable from the end of the first year from the international Filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, POA, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication within 18 months
  • Patentability Examination - to be filed in Peru within 6 months of publication
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Office of Industrial Property
10 Official website www.onapi.gob.bo

Ecuador (EC)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable before the end of the month from the international Filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, POA, translated documents, International Search Report, Publication
  • Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Ecuadorian Institute of Intellectual Property
10 Official website www.propiedadintelectual.gob.ec

Egypt (EG)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Egyptian consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized up to Egyptian consulate
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee shall be paid as of the second year until the expiration of the patent protection period
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with the filing fees, POA, translated documents, International Search Report, Publication
  • Formal and Substantial Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Egyptian Patent Office
10 Official website www.egypo.gov.eg

El Salvador (SV)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee shall be paid as of the second year until the expiration of the patent protection period
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with translated documents and fees
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Patent Publication: 18 months from the priority date
  • Formal Examination Request: Before 36 months from the filing date. Must be requested after 60 days from the patent publication date.
  • 90 days to respond office action from the formal examination.
  • Acceptance or rejection
  • Payment of the Final Taxes and Title
  • Grant
8 Working of patents When reasons of emergency or national security have been declared and for as long as they persist, compulsory licenses may be granted for the exploitation of patents
9 Patent office National Center of Registries
10 Official website www.cnr.gob.sv

Estonia (EE)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Estonian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee shall be paid as of the second year until the expiration of the patent protection period
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Patent Publication: 18 months from the priority date
  • Substantive Examination
  • Registration - after payment of fees within 3 months from the date of notice of grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office The Estonian Patent Office
10 Official website www.epa.ee

Finland (FI)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English, Finnish or Swedish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees For every anniversary in advance from the first year of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with International Application, filing fees, annuity fees for the first 3 years from the international filing date
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Substantive Examination
  • Publication- within two months from the date of notification
  • Registration
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Finish Patent and Registration office
10 Official website www.prh.fi

Gambia (GM)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 15 + 5years - if working is proved
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
  • Authorized Receiving office: ARIPO, International Bureau
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable as from the first anniversary of filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with, filing fees, examination fees
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Substantive Examination (conducted by ARIPO)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registrar General’s Department, Department of State for Justice
10 Official website Not Available

Georgia (GE)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Georgian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees A maintenance fee is due as from the third year from the international filing date after grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with translated specification, filing fees, examination fees
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Substantive Examination
  • Publication and Grant - fees for publication (along with maintenance fee for the first two months) and grant should be paid within two months of notice of grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within the expiry of 4 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia
10 Official website www.sakpatenti.org.ge

Germany (DE)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language German
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable from the third year of international filing date for each subsequent year in advance
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with translated specification, filing fees, annual fee for 3rd year
  • Preliminary Examination
  • 18 Month publication
  • Substantive Examination – Request should be filed within seven year from the international filing date
  • Grant
8 Working of patents When a patentee does not work the patented invention or does not work it predominantly in Germany even after the grant of the patent, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office German Trademark and Patent Office
10 Official website www.dpma.de

Ghana (GH)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable for each year of international filing date in advance
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fee upto 3rd year
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registrar General’s Department (Ghana)
10 Official website Not Available

Grenada (GD)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable in advance to the Registrar, for each year, starting one year after the filing date of the application for the grant of the patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees,
  • Examination
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website Not Available

Guatemala (GT)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable after registration for every year from the third year of the international filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees,
  • Examination
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents Public interest without specific time limit
9 Patent office Registry of Intellectual Property (Guatemala)
10 Official website www.rpi.gob.gt

Honduras (HN)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Honduran consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The first annual fee will be paid before starting the third year starting from the date of filing of the patent application and for every subsequent year thereafter, in advance.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Examination
  • Publication (within one year of filing)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Directorate General of Intellectual Property
10 Official website www.digepih.webs.com

Hungary (HU)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Hungarian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Post to publication, annual fees must be paid for each year which has lapsed since the international filing date. Annual fees for subsequent years must be paid in advance and are due on the anniversary of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents,
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Examination (Request should be filed within 6 months from the date of publication)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Hungarian Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website www.hipo.gov.hu

Iceland (IS)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English / Icelandic / Danish / Swedish / Norwegian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Post to publication, annual fees must be paid for each year which has lapsed since the international filing date. Annual fees for subsequent years must be paid in advance and are due on the anniversary of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Search and Examination by Danish Patent and Trademark Office
  • Grant (grant fees should be paid within two months of notice of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Icelandic Patent office
10 Official website www.patent.is

Islam Republic of Iran (IR)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Persian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees An annual fee is payable in advance to the Registrar, for each year, starting one year after the filing date of the application for the grant of the patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination
  • Publication (payment of grant fee)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within five years from grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law/ in public interest
9 Patent office Industrial Property General Office
10 Official website www.iripo.ssaa.ir

India (IN)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Any person registered to practice as a patent attorney before the Office
5 Special Requirements
  • POA
  • translation, if the specification is not in English
6 Maintenance Fees Maintenance fees are due annually beginning with the second anniversary of the effective filing date. To be paid after grant.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Filing along with filing fees
  • Pre grant publication
  • Examination- Request for examination should be filed within 4 years from the date of filing
  • Acceptance, publication and sealing
8 Working of patents owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Indian Patent Office
10 Official website www.ipindia.nic.in

Indonesia (ID)

1 PCT time line 31 months (may be extended on late fee payment)
2 Language Indonesian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The first payment of the annual fee should be made no later than one year as of the date the patent is granted. Each subsequent payment of the annual fees should be made no later than the same date the patent is granted.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, Examination fee
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Examination (Examination fee may be paid within 36 months fron International date)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 36 months from grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Directorate General of Intellectual Property (Indonesia)
10 Official website www.dgip.go.id

Israel (IL)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English/ Hebrew
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees After examination and publication in the Patents and Designs Journal of the examined application, renewal fees must be paid to the Office. The first renewal fee is due within three months from the date of grant of the patent. The second renewal fee falls due six years from the international filing date (sixth anniversary fee); thereafter, renewal fees become due on the 10th, 14th and 18th anniversaries of the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination
  • Notice of Allowance (grant fees to be paid)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Israel Patent Office
10 Official website www.index.justice.gov.il

Japan (JP)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Japanese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees for the first to the third year must all be paid at the same time, within 30 days after receipt of the decision to grant a patent. The annual fees for the fourth and subsequent years must be paid before the end of the previous year.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, examination fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (request to be filed within 3 years from International date)
  • Payment of grant fee
  • Grant
  • Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Japan Patent Office
10 Official website www.jpo.go.jp

Kazakhstan (KZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Kazakh or Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees After a patent has been granted, an annual fee must be paid for maintaining the patent in force. The first annual fee is to be paid simultaneously with the fee for granting the patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, examination fees,
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (request to be filed within 3 years from International date)
  • Payment of grant fee
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the publication date of the granted patent, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Institute of Intellectual Property (NIIP Republic of Kazakhstan)
10 Official website www.intellkaz.kz;www.kazpatent.kz

Kenya (KE)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The first annual fee will be paid before starting the third year starting from the date of filing of the patent application and for every subsequent year thereafter, in advance.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, examination fees, annual fee from second year
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (request to be filed within 3 years from International date)
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the publication date of the granted patent, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Kenya Industrial Property Institute
10 Official website www.kipi.gov.ke

Kyrgyzstan (KG)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Kyrgyz or Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees After a patent has been granted, a maintenance fee must be paid for maintaining the patent in force. The first continuation fee is to be paid simultaneously with payment of the fee for granting the patent. All subsequent fees are to be paid before the beginning of the corresponding year.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, examination fees, annual fee from second year
  • Formal Examination
  • Examination (request to be filed within 30 months from the national phase date)
  • Grant (fees to be paid within two months of notice of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of the grant of patent, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Service of Intellectual Property and Innovation
10 Official website www.patent.kg

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (LA)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Lao
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized by Embassy of Laos Democratic Republic
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees is to be paid starting from fifth year from international date and thereafter for every subsequent year in advance.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, examination fees, annual fee from second year
  • Examination
  • Publication
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after 3 years from the date of the grant of patent, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Department of Intellectual Property, Ministry of Science and Technology
10 Official website www.stea.la.wipo.net

Lesotho (LS)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 15 + 5 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees annual fees must be paid in advance to the Registrar for each year, starting one year after the filing date of the application for the grant of the patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, publication and grant fees
  • Examination – By ARIPO Examiners
  • Grant and Publication (fees is to be paid up on receipt of notice)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Ministry of Law and Constitutional Affairs Registrar General's Office
10 Official website Not Available

Source:

Comment: It is advised to file patent under ARIPO, as the patenting system is more organised in ARIPO

Liberia (LS)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees annual fees must be paid in advance to the Registrar for each year, starting one year after the filing date of the application for the grant of the patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bureau of Archives, Patents, Trade Marks and Copyright (Liberia)
10 Official website Not Available

Libya (LY))

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language French
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant legalized up to Libyan Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fee must be paid for all the years after the grant of patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Libyan Industrial Property Office
10 Official website www.irc.org.ly

LIECHTENSTEIN (LI) & Switzerland (CH)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language French / German / Italian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the fourth and each subsequent year following the international filing date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (up on notice of payment)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Swiss Federal Intellectual Property Institute
10 Official website www.ige.ch

Luxembourg (LU)

1 PCT time line 20 months
2 Language French / German
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the third and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Request for establishment of Search (within 18 months of filing)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office (Luxembourg)
10 Official website www.eco.public.lu

Madagascar (MG)

1 PCT time line 20 months
2 Language French
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the third and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Examination
  • Grant and publication (up on payment of fees)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial Property Office of Madagascar
10 Official website www.omapi.mg

Malawi (MW)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 16 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the third and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Advertisement of Acceptance by the Applicant in the Journal upon approval of draft by the Government
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Ministry of Justice, Department of the Registrar General (Malawi)
10 Official website Not available

Malaysia (MY)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 16 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized by the Embassy of Malaysia
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the second and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, maintenance fee.
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (request to be filed within four years from the international date)
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property corporation of Malaysia
10 Official website www.myipo.gov.my

Mexico (MX)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant in the presence of two witnesses
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed by applicant and witnesses
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the second and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, maintenance fee.
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Mexican Institute of Industrial Property
10 Official website www.impi.gob.mx

Mongolia (MN)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Mongolian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The maintenance fees for the first three years must be paid within six months from the date when the decision to grant the patent was made. The fees for the subsequent periods must be paid during the six months prior to the commencement of those periods.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents,
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office of Mongolia
10 Official website www.ipom.mn

Montenegro (ME)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Montenegrin
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for the second and each subsequent year following the international filing date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents,
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office (Montenegro)
10 Official website www.gov.me

Morocco (MA)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language French
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable for a period of every five years
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents,
  • Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial and commercial Property Office of Morocco
10 Official website www.ompic.org.ma

Mozambique (MZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Portugese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annuities are payable every year, with first and the second annual fee being paid at filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial Property Institute (Mozambique)
10 Official website www.ipi.gov.mz

Source:

Comment: It is advised to file patent under ARIPO, as the patenting system is more organised in ARIPO

Namibia (Na)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 14 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable every year, with first and the second annual fee being paid at filing
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 2 years, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office The Registration of Companies, Close Corporations and Industrial Property Rights Office (Namibia)
10 Official website www.grnnet.gov.na

New Zealand (NZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees are payable every year, from the fourth year of international date
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (Request for examination should be filed within 5 years from International date)
  • Acceptance
  • Publication - 12 months
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand
10 Official website www.iponz.govt.nz

Nicaragua (NI)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Nicaraguan consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The first annuity fee falls due on the 1st anniversary of the filing date, and subsequent annuities are payable annually thereafter
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (Request for examination should be filed before 36 months from the filing date. Must be requested after 60 days from the patent publication date)
  • Publication and Grant (upon payment of grant fee)
8 Working of patents None. Patent is liable for compulsory license for reasons of public interest, national emergency, or to remedy an anticompetitive practice.
9 Patent office Registry of Intellectual Property (Nicaragua)
10 Official website www.mific.gob.ni

Nigeria (NG)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The first annuity fee falls due on the 1st anniversary of the filing date, and subsequent annuities are payable annually thereafter. Payable after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal examination
  • Publication
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Commercial Law Department (Trademarks, Patents and Designs)(Nigeria)
10 Official website Not available

Norway (NO)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Norwegian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the International date. The first three years fees should be paid along with the filing fees
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Formal examination
  • Publication
  • Grant (fees to be paid within two months of notification)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Norwegian Industrial Property Office
10 Official website www.patentstyret.no

Oman (OM)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and duly legalized up to Oman consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fee shall be paid in advance to the Registrar for each year, starting one year after the filing date of the application
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Formal examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (Request to be filed within 3 year from the international date)
  • Publish and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Department, Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Oman)
10 Official website www.mocioman.gov.om

Panama (PA)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and duly legalized up to Panamanian consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the International date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Examination
  • Publication (14 months)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents None. Patent is liable for compulsory license for reasons of public interest, national emergency, or to remedy an anticompetitive practice.
9 Patent office Directorate General of the Industrial Property Registry (Panama)
10 Official website www.digerpi.gob.pa

Papua New Guinea (PG)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the International date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fees
  • Examination (ISR/ Search Report of other designated countries/ Search Report of Australia)
  • Grant and Publication (Grant and publication fees to be paid up on receipt of notice of Grant)
8 Working of patents None. Patent is liable for compulsory license for reasons of public interest, national emergency, or to remedy an anticompetitive practice.
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office of Papua New Guinea
10 Official website www.ipopng.gov.pg

Peru (PE)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Peruvian Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the International date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fees
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Formal Examination (request to be filed within six months of publication)
  • Grant (Grant fees to be paid up on receipt of notice)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Institute for the Defense of Competition and Intellectual Property Protection (Peru)
10 Official website www.indecopi.gob.pe

Philippines (PH)

1 PCT time line 30 months (may extended by one month by payment of late fee)
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Peruvian Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the fourth year of International date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fees
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Examination (request to be filed within six months of publication)
  • Grant (Grant fees to be paid up on receipt of notice)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office (Philippines)
10 Official website www.ipophil.gov.ph

Poland (PL)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Polish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Peruvian Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Examination
  • Publication (publication fess to be paid within 3 months from the date of notice)
  • Grant (Annual fees for the first three years should upon receipt of notice of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Patent Office of the Republic of Poland
10 Official website www.uprp.pl

Portugal (PT)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Portuguese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees Annual fees for the first two years are included in the filing fee. They are payable for the third and each subsequent year following the international filing date, even when the corresponding rights have not yet been granted. For the third and fourth annual fees the Office applies a discount of 100% (the applicant does not pay any fee). However, the Applicant must indicate to the Office that the patent should be renewed for the third and fourth years.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fees
  • Publication (about national entry, after International Publication)
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Institute of Industrial Property (Portugal)
10 Official website www.inpi.pt

Qatar (QA)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Qatar Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant , the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Centre (Qatar)
10 Official website Not Available

Republic of Korea (KR)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Korean
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee for the first three years must be paid during the time of grant. The annual fees for the subsequent years must be paid for each year before the anniversary.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed within 5 years from the international date)
  • Grant (first three years annuity fees to be paid within 3 months from the date of notice of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 4 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Korean Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website www.kipo.go.kr

Republic of Moldova (MD)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Moldovan
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee for the first years must be paid along with grant fee. The annual fees for the subsequent years must be paid for each year before the anniversary of that year after the grant.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed within 30 months from entry to national phase)
  • Publication and Grant (first years annuity fee and the Grant fee to be paid within 6 months of publication of the decision of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Agency on Intellectual Property (Republic of Moldova)
10 Official website www.agepi.gov.md

Romania (RO)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Romanian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed within 30 months from entry to national phase)
  • Publication and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks
10 Official website www.osim.ro

Russian Federation (RU)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from third year of the international date. The payment to be made after grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Preliminary Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed within 3 years from international date)
  • Publication and Grant (Accrued annual fee up to grant and the grant fees to be paid within 4 months of the receipt of notice of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Russian Patent Office
10 Official website www.rupto.ru

Rwanda (RW)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language French
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and notarized
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and notarized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Office of Registrar General (Rwanda)
10 Official website www.org.rdb.rw

Saint Kitts and Nevis (KN)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website Not Available

Saint Lucia (LN)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and notarized
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and notarized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Substantive Examination (fees to be paid upon receipt of notice)
  • Grant and publication (upon payment of prescribed fee)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registry of Companies and Intellectual Property (Saint Lucia)
10 Official website www.rocip.gov.lc

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VC)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (fees to be paid upon receipt of notice)
  • Grant and publication (upon payment of prescribed fee)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Commerce and Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
10 Official website www.cipo.gov.vc/cipo

San Marino(SM)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Italian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the fourth year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant and Publication (upon payment of fees)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Patent and Trademark Office (San Marino)
10 Official website www.usbm.sm

Sao Tome and Principe (ST)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Portuguese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant and Publication of grant
8 Working of patents Working of Patents is decided on case to case and does not have a time limit
9 Patent office Industrial Property National Service (SENAPI)
10 Official website Not available

Serbia (RS)

1 PCT time line 30 months (may be extended up to 30 months)
2 Language Serbian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (Request should be filed within 6 months of publication)
  • Grant and Publication of grant (upon confirmation of claims wordings and payment of fees)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office (Serbia)
10 Official website www.zis.gov.rs

Seychelles (SC)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the fifth year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Registration Division, Department of Legal Affairs (Seychelles)
10 Official website www.zis.gov.rs

Sierra Leone (SL)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Examination (based on international type search)
  • Grant and publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Administrator and Registrar General’s Department (Sierra Leone)
10 Official website Not Available

Singapore (SG)

1 PCT time line 30 months (may be extend up to 18 months)
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the fourth year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request for search and Examination within 21 months/ reliance on foreign search report within 21 months/furnish foreign search and Examination report within 42 months )
  • Grant and publication (request for grant should be filed within 42 months from priority date and fees to be paid within two months from the notice date)
8 Working of patents None. But the patent should be sufficiently used to meet the market needs of Singapore
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office of Singapore
10 Official website www.iposg.gov.sg

Slovakia (SK)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Slovak
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the third year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (request to be filed within 36 months from international date)
  • Grant and publication (request for grant should be filed within 42 months from priority date and fees to be paid within two months from the notice date)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office of Slovak Republic
10 Official website www.indprop.gov.sk

South Africa (ZA)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Slovak
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by The annual fee must be paid for each year from the third year (before the expiry) of the international date.
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the third year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Examination
  • Publication
  • Grant (requisite fee to be paid within two months from the notice date)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC) (South Africa)
10 Official website www.cipc.co.za

Spain (ES)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Spanish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney not required until specifically asked
5 Special Requirements
  • NIL
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the third year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document
  • Publication
  • Search (request should be filed within 15 months from priority date)
  • Examination (if substantial examination is required, specific request must be filed within 3 months from date of publication)
  • Publication and grant (Grant fees must be paid within three months of publication of grant)
8 Working of patents None. For reasons of Public interest, the Government may at any time, subject the patent to Compulsory license
9 Patent office Spanish Patent and Trademark Office
10 Official website www.oepm.es

Sri Lanka (LK)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the expiration of the second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees and the International Search Report
  • Grant
  • Publication of Grant
8 Working of patents None. For reasons of Public interest, the Government may at any time, subject the patent to Compulsory license
9 Patent office National Intellectual Property office of Sri Lanka
10 Official website www.nipo.gov.lk

Sudan (SD)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic / English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date. Accumulated amount to be paid after the Grant of patent
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant (Grant fee to be filed upon receipt of notice )
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Commercial Registrar General’s Office (Sudan)
10 Official website Not Available

Saudi Arabia (SA)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication (Grant fee to be filed upon receipt of notice )
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Saudi Patent Office
10 Official website www.patents.kacst.edu.sa

Sweden (SE)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English / Swedish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fee for first three years
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication (Grant fee to be filed upon receipt of notice )
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Swedish Patent and Registration Office
10 Official website www.prv.se

Syrian Arab Republic (SY)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Arabic
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Syrian Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees,
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication (Grant fee to be filed upon receipt of notice )
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Directorate of Commercial and Industrial Property (Syrian Arab Republic)
10 Official website www.prv.se

Tajikistan (TJ)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to Tajikistan Consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination (after three months of filing)
  • Publication (18 months)
  • Substantive Examination (request to be filed within three years)
  • Grant and publication (Grant fee to be filed upon receipt of notice)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 5 years from the date of publication of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Tajik Patent Office
10 Official website www.tjpat.org

Thailand (TH)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Thai
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from third year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication
  • Substantive Examination (request to be filed within five years from the date of Publication)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Department of Intellectual Property (Thailand)
10 Official website www.ipthailand.go.th

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MK)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Macedonian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from third year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document, Examination statement (may also be filed within three months from NP entry)
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant (upon payment of fees)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Office of Industrial Property
10 Official website www.ippo.gov.mk

Trinidad and Tobago (TT)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fee for first three years, Examination fee
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant (upon payment of fees)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Legal Affairs
10 Official website www.ipo.gov.tt

Tunisia (TN)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic / French / English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees,
  • Examination
  • Publication and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Institute for Standardization and Industrial Property (Tunisia)
10 Official website Not Available

Turkey (TR)

1 PCT time line 30 months (may be extended up to one month)
2 Language Turkish
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Publication (after Turkish translation of the document is filed)
  • Substantive Examination (request along with fees should be filed within 15 months)
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of publication of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Turkish Patent Office
10 Official website www.tpe.gov.tr

Turkmenistan (TM)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Turkmen / Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents, annual fee
  • Formal Examination
  • Limited Examination (to check if a patent can be granted for limited period
  • Substantive Examination (request along with fees should be filed within 5 years)
  • Grant and Publication (upon payment of grant fee and first annual fee after grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 5 years from the date of publication of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Service of Intellectual Property
10 Official website www.tmpatent.org

Uganda (UG)

1 PCT time line 21 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (Examination is conducted at ARIPO)
  • Grant and Publication (upon payment of grant and Publication fee)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Patents Registry
10 Official website Not Available

Ukraine (UA)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Ukrainian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year from the international date. This has to be paid after grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated documents
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request to be filed within 36 months from the filing date)
  • Publication and Grant (upon payment of grant and Publication fee. Annual fee for the first four months from the publication date)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of publication of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Intellectual Property Service of Ukraine
10 Official website www.uipv.org

United Arab Emirates (AE)

{Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah, Ras-Al-khaimah, Umm-Al-Quwain and Ajman}

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language Arabic / English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to UAE consulate
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
  • duly legalized Incorporation certificate required, if the Applicant is a company
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year starting next from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, accumulated annual fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial Property Directorate
10 Official website www.economy.gov.ae

United Kingdom (GB)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year starting from the fifth year of the international date. It should be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed within 33 months of priority)
  • Publication and Grant
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country as reasonable as applicable, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Industrial Property Office
10 Official website www.gov.uk/government/organisations/intellectual-property-office

United Republic of Tanzania (TZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years (working of patents should be proved at 10th, 15th year to restore the patent for 20 years)
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for each year starting from the second year of the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request should be filed upon receipt of notice)
  • Grant and Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Business Registrations and Licensing Agency, Ministry of Industry and Trade (United Republic of Tanzania)
10 Official website Not Available

United States of America (US)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for 3 ½, 7 ½, 11 ½ years of the international date. It should be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, examination fees
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication
8 Working of patents None. Compulsory licenses have been granted under Anti Trust laws, public purposes
9 Patent office Unites States Patent and Trademark Office
10 Official website www.uspto.gov

Uzbekistan (UZ)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Uzbek / Russian
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for every year from the international date. It should be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Publication and Grant (accumulated annual fees should be after publication of grant)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing and 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office State Patent Office of Uzbekistan
10 Official website www.patent.uz

Viet Nam (VN)

1 PCT time line 31 months
2 Language Vietnamese
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant and legalized up to consulate of Viet Nam
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed and legalized
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for every year from the international date. It should be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, translated document
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination (request for examination should be filed within 42 months)
  • Grant and Publication (Publication fees should be paid)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country within 3 years from the date of grant, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office National Office of Industrial Property
10 Official website www.noip.gov.vn

Zambia (ZM)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for every year from the international date.
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees, annual fee (due within four years from International date)
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country even after the expiry 4 years from the date of filing or 3 years from the date of grant , whichever is longer, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law
9 Patent office Patents and Companies Registration Agency (Zambia)
10 Official website www.pacra.org.zm

Zimbabwe (ZW)

1 PCT time line 30 months
2 Language English
3 Term Of patents 20 years
4 Represented by Attorney. Power of Attorney duly signed by the applicant
5 Special Requirements
  • POA - duly signed
6 Maintenance Fees The annual fee must be paid for every year from the international date. It should be paid after the grant
7

Filing requirements and Process for grant:

  • Patent Filing along with filing fees,
  • Formal Examination
  • Substantive Examination
  • Grant and Publication (Publication fees should be paid)
8 Working of patents If the owner of a patented invention fails to satisfy the stipulated working requirements of the country reasonably, the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law within six months (section 31(1) of the Patent Act)
9 Patent office Zimbabwe Intellectual Property Office
10 Official website www.dcip.gov.zw